pt / en


Sat. 18 September17:00 / MIRA FORUM, Porto

Decolonising the City

Ana Jara & Miguel Cardina

Dori Nigro, Marta Lança & Paulo Moreira

Sun. 19 September / 17:00 / MIRA FORUM, Porto

Struggle within Conflict

Francisco Calheiros & Maria Trabulo

Ana Naomi de Sousa, José António Pinto & Marina Otero Verzier

Palazzo Giustinian Lolin, Veneza

No State Council

Fernanda Fragateiro & Jorge Carvalho

Ângela Ferreira, Gérard Lambert, Paulo Tavares & Rui Mendes

Palazzo Giustinian Lolin, Veneza

Caring Assemblies: Positions on a Space-to-Come

Bartlebooth – Antonio Giráldez López & Pablo Ibáñez Ferrera

Cátia Faria, Husos, Isabel Gutiérrez Sánchez & Mariana Pestana

Previous Events

Debating Lisbon’s Future
Housing Strategy

Watch the full debate here︎︎︎

Gennaro Giacalone, João Romão & Margarida Leão

Filipa Roseta, Inês Lobo, Luís Mendes & Ricardo Veludo


© Gennaro Giacalone, João Romão & Margarida Leão, 2021

Housing is one of the defining pillars of democratic societies. The total of the State Budgets for housing in 2019 and 2020 was €230 million. This benchmark figure will be added to with €1.633 billion in 2021-2026, via the European RRP subsidy.
Despite the recent strategies proposed in the New Generation of Housing Policies, little debate on a municipal level has covered civil society or agents of territorial transformation.
After four weeks of public on-line discussion, we invited the councilman for urbanism of Lisbon Municipal Council, Ricardo Veludo; the architect Inês Lobo; Filipa Roseta, member of parliament and architect and, finally,geographer and activist Luís Mendes to a debate on property, participation, and typology for the city of Lisbon.
We took the proximity in time of the Venice Architectural Biennale and the local elections in Portugal, as an opportunity to make room for democratic dialogue in the construction of the city and to reclaim for architects as a class that is politically committed to the question, How will we live together?

Filipa Roseta
Member of the Portuguese parliament since 2019.
Architect graduated in 1996 from FAUTL. Researcher at CIAUD and member of the Research Academy – European Association for Architectural Education. She concluded her Master's degree in Contemporary Architectural Culture at FAUL in 2001 and her PhD in 2009 at the Royal College of Art, in London. Co-founder of the Roseta Vaz Monteiro studio in 2001.
Councilwoman for Urbanism at the Cascais Municipal Council in 2017-2020.

Inês Lobo
Architect graduated from Faculdade de Belas Artes de Lisboa in 1989. She started her professional career in 1989 and founded the Inês Lobo Arquitectos studio in 2002. She is professor of Architectural Project at UAL and FAUL. In 1999 she received the title of Officer of the Order of Merit from the President of Portugal.
Curator and commissioner of Architecture exhibitions, including the Portuguese representation of the Venice Biennale in 2012 and the VIII Iberoamerican Architecture and Urbanism Biennale.

Luís Mendes
Graduate of Geography and Master’s in Urban Studies 2008 by Faculdade de Letras – UL. Invited Assistant Lecturer at FAUL, ESEL, and IGOT. Member of the Portuguese Association of Geographers and member of the board of the Association of Lisbon Tenants since 2018. Researcher of Urban Studies, specifically on gentrification and urban regeneration. Technical and scientific consultant and author of more than 200 titles.

Ricardo Veludo
Councilman for Planning, Urbanism, Relations with Residents and Participation of the Lisbon Municipal Council since 2019.
Graduate of Territorial Engineering in 1999 from Instituto Superior Técnico, with post-graduate studies in Regional and Urban Planning, Urbanism and Land Planning, Real Estate Management and Valuation.nHe researches models of participation and citizen government. He was the coordinator of the team responsible for the Affordable Rent Programme of the Lisbon Municipal Council.
Activist of the Morar em Lisboa (Living in Lisbon) movement.

Gennaro Giacalone
Master degree in Architecture at Politecnico di Milano in 2018, wrote a thesis on turistification’s social and architectural impacts in Lisbon, collaborating with Roberta Pellè. Wrote the paper Possible strategies to break the bond between urban requalification and gentrification in collaboration with Roberta Pellè and Luís Mendes. Currently works with HAJE Arquitectos in Lisbon.

João Romão
Master degree in Architecture at FAUL in 2020, completed the first year of master’s degrees at FAU University of São Paulo. Wrote a thesis on flexible housing and real estate market. In 2014 João was co-founder of Atelier Angular. Between 2017-2019 worked in collaboration with Carlos Aragão and João Pombeiro. In 2019 developped the workshop Protest Project, in collaboration with Hugo Jammes.

Margarida Leão
Master degree in Architecture at FAUL in 2015, completed the first year of master’s degrees at FADU University of Buenos Aires. Wrote a thesis about architecture as an instrument of political affir­mation. She started her professional practice in 2016 as a collaborator in PLCO Arquitectos and Ventura Trindade Arquitectos. During the last years, worked in Switzerland with Stefan Wülser, Nicolaj Bechtel and Didier Balissat.

*Proposal selected by open-call.

Instant City

Watch the full debate here︎︎︎

Bernardo Amaral & Carlos Machado e Moura

Manuel Herz, Maria Neto & Michel Agier

Atma Refugee camp, Idlib Syria © Ahmet Akpolat, 2020

This debate aims to discuss emergency settlements for displaced populations worldwide due to war or political, climatic and sanitary conditions. There are currently 80 million refugees, many in camps that are the spatialisation of expulsion and exclusion, with precarious safety and hygiene conditions. Alongside, a billion people live in slums, ever-growing geographies of social vulnerability. While architecture and urban planning generally fall short in responding, what can we learn from these instant cities? What do they reveal about the role of architecture in the humanitarian dilemma and our unstable world? Some consider informal solutions more efficient than over-planned schemes; others claim the value of camps dwellers’ DIY solutions as agents of production of space. Alongside, architects keep developing modular and mobile housing systems. Which perspectives apply to migrant settlements? Enquiring how will we live together requires focusing on the physical expressions of conflict.

Manuel Herz
Architect based in Basel. His recent projects include the synagogue in Mainz and housing schemes in Germany, Switzerland and France. He taught at the ETH Zurich, Harvard GSD and currently the University of Basel. His research focuses on migration, nation-building and spaces of refuge. Curator of the Western Sahara Pavilion at the Venice Architecture Biennale 2016, his books include Nairobi: Migration Shaping the City and From Camp to City: Refugee Camps of the Western Sahara.

Maria Neto
Architect, assistant lecturer at DECA-UBI and researcher at CEAU-FAUP, COOPUAH and ICHaB-ETSAM. PhD candidate on refugee camps in protracted situations, funded by FCT. With postgraduate studies in Development of Human Settlements in the Third World (ICHaBETSAM) and professional training in Humanitarian Shelter Coordination (IFRC/UNCHR/Oxford Brookes Univ.), she collaborated with UNHCR and BRC on refugee support. Recipient of Prémio Távora 2016 with Invisible cities of Dadaab.

Michel Agier
Anthropologist, Professor (Directeur d’études) at École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS Paris) and Senior Researcher at Institut de Recherches pour le Développement (IRD). Having published prolifically, his main interests are Human Globalisation, Exile and Urban Marginalities. After several years of fieldwork investigations in West Africa and Latin America, he conducts personal and collective researches in Africa, Middle East and Europe on migrations and refuges.

Bernardo Amaral
Architect, researcher and activist based in Porto. His ongoing PhD research at FCTUC-DARQ is focused on design methodologies of self-organised architecture collectives working with right-to-housing movements. At his studio, BAAU, much of their practice deals with the refurbishment of old buildings for affordable housing. Bernardo is also tutor and lecturer in several workshops and seminars. Currently, he teaches in a postgraduation course at ESAP.

Carlos Machado e Moura
Architect, curator, PhD candidate and researcher at CEAU-FAUP. Alongside his practice with MAVAA, he is the author of books like Building Views (2017) and a former member of Jornal Arquitectos’ editorial team. Currently, Carlos collaborates with panoramah!®, is an MC member of CA18126 Writing urban places and a researcher of (EU)ROPA – Rise of Portuguese Architecture. In 2020 he was a recipient of Prémio Távora and an honourable mention in Premio Architetto Italiano.

*Proposal selected by open-call.

Lines of Violence

Watch the full debate here︎︎︎

Patrícia Robalo

Aitor Varea Oro, Ana Bigotte Vieira, Helena Barbosa Amaro & Lígia Nunes

© Patrícia Robalo, 2021

In 1961, Jane Jacobs and Lewis Mumford published, almost simultaneously, their most influential works. The co-existence of their visions in public debate lead to a conflict, still unsolved, in architecture and urbanism.
Conflict makes contemporary urbanization more tangible, challenging the established order and its lines of violence. But to analyze conflict, or to be in conflict, focus our minds in the production of the conflict itself. It leads to dualist ways of thinking, of mutual meaning, rationality and sensibility. Warlike lexicon seems inevitable - fight, resistance, emergency, occupy, resilience, strategy, extinction. All is connected – health, housing, mobility, segregation, economy, politics, culture. Reasons are fundamental to urbanity, to life, to democracy and our existence. Is there guidance on dreams, hope and knowledge when we live in conflict? Or, is their absence the trigger to confront public perception to the way we are building the places we live in.

Aitor Varea Oro
Architect and through his work aims to democratise access to decent housing. His professional practice, in Spain and Portugal, promotes liaison between institutions, academia, and civil society by creating a common language, in order to shorten distances between those that have the problem and those that have a solution. His biggest learning to date is the need to work with everyone and to talk, particularly, to those who are not yet aware of the problem.

Ana Bigotte Vieira
Part of the scheduling team of the Bairro Alto Theatre, under the artistic direction of Francisco Frazão, as a discourse programmer. She graduates in Modern and Contemporary History (ISCTE), specialising in Contemporary Culture and Philosophy (FCSH-UNL), and in Theatre Studies (UL). Her Doctoral thesis received an Honourable Mention from the Mário Soares Foundation. She is co-founder of baldio | Estudos de Performance and a playwright. She translates plays and philosophy.

Helena Barbosa Amaro
Graduate of Law from FDUC, post-graduate of Law of Urbanism, Environment and Land Planning by CEAU. She has a Doctorate in Architecture from FAUP, specialising in Urban Dynamics and Forms. Researcher at CEAU, and scholar at FCT. Doctorate focusing on Vale do Ave, in the area of mobility, housing, and public policies.

Ligia Nunes
Born in Lisbon, she graduated in Architecture from FAUTL and has a doctorate from ETSA of Universidad de Coruña. She opened a studio and started teaching Architecture in 1997, in the areas of Project, Theory, and History of Architecture. She is an assistant professor on the Master's and Doctorate at DAULP and works on the post-graduate course in collaborative territories at ISCTE. She is a member of CEAU and FAUP. She founded Architects without Borders Portugal and heads Architecture Sans Frontieres Internacional.

Patrícia Robalo
Architect and lives and works in Lisbon where she co-created the MUTA studio. She combines her architectural design work with incursions into curatorship. Namely for: the commission of Open House Lisboa 2019 – Lisboa Sem Centro; andOutra Lisboa – Viagens num Espaço Urbano Maior, the programming for which was a project associated to the Lisbon Architecture Triennale 2016. She regularly organises and takes part in debates, exhibitions, and other forms of architectural and urban promotion.

*Proposal selected by open-call.

Wed. 16 Junho / 19:00 / Trienal de Arquitectura de Lisboa
Palácio Sinel de Cordes

Public Housing – No Silver Bullet

Watch the full debate here︎︎︎

Samuel de Brito Gonçalves

Álvaro Domingues, Helena Roseta, Joana Couceiro, Luís Urbano & Sónia Alves

“Bairro da Jamaica”, one of many places affected by a coronavirus outbreak in Portugal. The inhabitants have been steadily rehoused since 2017. The process should be concluded by the end of 2019. However, 74 families are still living there, under poor conditions.
Images granted by Joana Bourgard/RR

This is a moment of an unprecedented challenge. With the certainty of a new economic crisis haunting this decade, the public housing policy becomes a national emergency. While the housing problem grows, new strategies and public funds are being drafted to tackle it. It is crucial to ensure their proper implementation, avoiding errors from the past, and fostering flexible solutions, adapted to the territory’s contradictory mosaic. It is a long-known challenge, but there isn’t still a silver bullet. This is the brief for the Public Housing – No Silver Bullet debate, a prospective view to complement the historical and critical data on display at the In Conflict exhibition, the Portuguese Pavilion at the Biennale Architettura. This event brings together five participants. Two architects will drive the discussion, by questioning (and provoking) three experts in different fields - geography, sociology and politics - in order to outline driven principals for an imperative new national public housing approach.

Álvaro Domingues
He is a geographer, PhD in Human Geography, researcher and Professor at FAUP. He worked alongside the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, the Foundation for Science and Technology, the Portuguese Association of Architects (OA), among others, in numerous research projects and publications. Its activity focuses on Human Geography, Landscape, Urbanism and Urban Policy. Álvaro writes regularly for the Portuguese newspaper “Público”.

Helena Roseta
Architect, has dedicated her life to the public cause serving as mayor, city councillor, Parliament deputy and Portuguese representative in the Council of Europe. Was President of the Portuguese Association of Architects (OA) from 2001 to 2007. Helena led some of the most important public initiatives for housing and citizen participation, such as the municipal BIP-ZIP (awarded as Best Practice in Citizen Participation in 2013 by the International Observatory on Participatory Democracy), the Housing Basic Law (2019), and the “Healthy Neighbourhoods” Program in 2020.

Joana Couceiro
Architect, researcher and professor graduated by the Architecture Department at University of Coimbra (2005) and PhD by the Faculty of Architecture of the University of Porto (2018) with a thesis entitled “Chiado e Estilo. A importância da noção de Estilo na construção do Chiado de Siza”. She is an invited assistant professor at FAUP since 2013, on the subject of History of Modern Architecture, and a supervisor of Master’s Degree dissertations and PhD Thesis. She is a co-founder of the publishing house, bookshop and gallery Circo de Ideias (2008/2018). In the curatorial field she also highlights the five editions of PechaKucha Night Porto (2008/2010) and the fifth edition of Open House Porto (2019). Author of several texts and articles, she also has been the co-author of various projects, some of which were published in leading journals.

Luís Urbano
Luís Urbano (Coimbra, 1972) is an architect and teacher at the Faculty of Architecture of Porto University. He has a doctoral degree from the same university, with the final thesis Between two worlds. Architecture and Cinema in Portugal, 1959-1974. He works as an editor at JACK magazine - Journal on Architecture and Cinema and he is the author of Histórias Simples (2013). He directed short films such as Sizígia (2012, Jury Special Price, Clermont-Ferrand Festival, França, 2013), A Casa do Lado (2012) Como se Desenha uma Casa (2014) and the documentary Morada (2019). He is the director of Cultural Association JackBackPack and the vice-president of Marques da Silva Foundation.

Sónia Alves

She is a research fellow at the Institute of Social Sciences of University of Lisbon, and a visiting researcher at the BUILD - Department of the Built Environment, Aalborg University. Her work focuses primarily on aspects of comparative planning and urban policy and the differential impact of housing policies upon social groups and areas within cities. Major themes in her research have included analysis of the relationship between planning and housing; and between rent regulation and housing rehabilitation in Portugal and in European housing systems.

Director: Luís Urbano
Production: JackBackPack and Mapa da Habitação

The documentary "Morada" proposes a cinematographic map of the housing architecture supported by the Portuguese state, studied in the research project "Mapping Public Housing". Through a continuous movement in a fictitious address, contexts are suggested and some of the most emblematic buildings constructed by public housing programs are presented, in one of the most contested periods of recent Portuguese history.

Samuel Gonçalves
Samuel Gonçalves graduated in Architecture from the Faculty of Architecture of the University of Porto. He worked at the Chilean studio ELEMENTAL as a team member of the Innovation Center UC project (Santiago, Chile) and several social housing projects, such as the incremental public housing complex in Constitución, Chile. In 2015 he founds his own studio – SUMMARY – focused on prefabricated architecture. He is currently developing the public project for 25 low-cost houses in Arouca, Portugal, in order to face the exponential rise of private housing market prices. His work has been exhibited in several venues, such as La Biennale di Venezia (2016), the Boston Society of Architects (2019) and the Bauhaus Centenary (2019).

Thu. 17 June / 19:00 / Trienal de Arquitectura de Lisboa
Palácio Sinel de Cordes

Domestic Matters

Watch the full debate here︎︎︎

Anna Puigjaner & Moisés Puente

b+ & LaCol

Live Streaming
In Conflict Channel

Photography © Erica Overmeer.
The precarity upon which contemporary life relies, has boosted the different types of ownership, social relations and management systems. Domestic Matters is a one-day event which will put in conversation two architectural practices, LaCol and Brandlhuber+, with the aim of establishing an open debate about contemporary domestic realities, their conflicts and possible futures. 


It is a cooperative of architects that works in the neighborhood of Sants, in Barcelona. They work from architecture toward social transformation, using architecture as a tool to intervene critically in the environments that are closest to them. They root their activity in a horizontal system of labor, acting alongside society with justice and solidarity in mind.

Brandlhuber+ is a collaborative practice founded in 2006 by Arno Brandlhuber in Berlin. The practice is devoted to the idea of collaboration with other practices, disciplines, and individuals. Their work includes architectural and research projects, exhibitions, publications, and political interventions. Resulting from reflections on the shifting parameters that guide and shape their work, between practice and theory, the office is currently in transition to become b+.


Anna Puigjaner
She is an architect, a founder member of the MAIO architecture studio in Barcelona and Associate Professor at Columbia University. Her research on the ‘Kitchenless City’ was awarded the Wheelwright Prize by Harvard University in 2016.

Moisés Puente
He is is an architect and editor. He was on the editorial committee of the Quaderns d’Architecture de Urbanisme magazine, worked with publisher Gustavo Gili as editor and a director of 2G magazine. He runs the Puente Editores publisher.

in conflict

City and Territory, as collective constructions, are the primary arena of conflict, understood as the action of opposing forces translated as dissension. This condition, implicit to a pluralistic democratic space, shapes architectural production.

In Conflict responds directly to the question How will we live together? – posed by Hashim Sarkis, curator of the Biennale Architettura 2021 – by learning from processes that question the issue of dwelling in its physical and social dimensions, and where conflict plays a crucial role. Public resilience and reflection transform these processes, which are still stirring, into valuable learning moments, to better understand architecture's transformative and political power.

Recalling the portrait drawn of Portugal in the film Non, ou a Vã Glória de Mandar by Manoel de Oliveira, In Conflict proposes a vision built upon a series of struggles that have yet to be overcome.

The Portuguese Pavilion challenges the public to participate through two complementary moments: exhibition and debate.

The exhibition, at Palazzo Giustinian Lolin in Venice, provides a narrative of Portuguese architecture through democracy, based on seven processes affected by material destruction, social relocation and popular participation. All of these were the subjects of broad media coverage, their struggles amplified by the press – taken here as a barometer of action and public involvement.

These processes are testimonies of a democracy that began with an impoverished Portugal, facing deep housing failures, which were aggravated by the demographic urgency of decolonisation. Today, more than four decades of democracy later, this reality remains fragile, marked by the persistence of informal neighbourhoods, by urban growth based on speculation in urban centres and by the abandonment of the interior of the country.

These cases constitute milestones along the exhibition journey. Based on each one of them, other projects with affinities to the problematic, scale or modes of action are called up for discussion. By bringing together their clashes – which remain in the Portuguese collective memory – these processes build a broad and cross-cutting portrait of the first 45 years of Portuguese democracy viewed through its reflection in Portuguese architecture.

In Conflict seeks, through an exhibition and debates, to consider the role of architecture as an artistic, public, political, and ethically-bound discipline. Faced with the impossibility of solving all contingencies, it is urgent to consider how to create places where everyone has a seat at the table, to imagine how we will all project a common future.

Open Call  

The group of debates, part of In Conflict official calendar, has nine events, six of which were chosen through an Open Call. Its main aim was to bring into debate the widest possible range of themes and people on the issues posed by the curatorship.

The Open Call was launched on 14 May 2020 and the selected proposals were announced in December 2020. The jury was composed by the architects Ana Jara and Anna Puigjaner, the researcher António Brito Guterres, the artist Fernanda Fragateiro, the architect Jorge Carvalho and the the editor Moisés Puente.


depA architects
Carlos Azevedo / João Crisóstomo / Luís Sobral

Deputy Curator
Miguel Santos

Ministry of Culture of Portugal
Graça Fonseca, Minister of Culture

Directorate-General for the Arts
Américo Rodrigues, General Director

Executive Production and Communication
Catarina Correia / Costanza Ronchetti / Sofia Isidoro

Exhibition Design
depA architects
Miguel Santos / Pedro Miranda/ Manuel Vilaça

Collection and Selection of Content
depA architects
Miguel Santos

Alexandre Alves Costa / Alexandre Dias / Álvaro Siza / Ana Luísa Rodrigues / Artéria / Atelier Conceição Silva / Ateliermob / Barbas Lopes ArquitectosBruno Silvestre / Carlos Castanheira / Cerejeira Fontes architectsCharles CossementColectivo Wharehouse / Eduardo Coimbra de BritoEgas José Vieira  / Fernando Seabra-Santos / Francisco PereiraFrederico EçaGil CardosoHabitar Porto / Inês Beleza de AzevedoJoão Archer de Carvalho  / João FigueiraJoão PernãoJoão Siopa AlvesJosé Barra  / José Gigante / José Lobo Almeida / José Miguel RodriguesJosé Neves José VelosoLaboratório de Habitação Básica (LAHB) / Luís Mendes / Luís Miguel Fareleira / Luís SprangerManuel Graça Dias + Egas Vieira Arquitectos / Manuel Nunes de Almeida / Manuel Teles / Margarida CarvalhoMaria Valemerooficina Nuno Valentim Paulo Moreira Pedro BandeiraPedro Brígida Rita DouradoRogério RamosSérgio Fernandez Tiago Baptista / Vítor Figueiredo

Open Call Jury
Ana Jara / Anna Puigjaner / António Brito Guterres / Fernanda Fragateiro / Jorge Carvalho/ Moisés Puente

Debate Coordinators
Ana Jara
Anna PuigjanerFernanda Fragateiro / Jorge Carvalho / Miguel Cardina / Moisés Puente

Debate Coordinators Selected by Open Call
Bartlebooth - Antonio Giráldez López & Pablo Ibáñez Ferrera / Bernardo Amaral / Carlos Machado e Moura / Francisco Calheiros / Gennaro Giacalone / João Romão / Margarida Leão / Maria Trabulo / Patrícia Robalo / Samuel de Brito Gonçalves

depA architects

Filipa Magalhães
Margarida Leitão

Production Assistants
depA architects

Ângela Meireles
Carlos AzevedoFernando MirandaFrancisco Pinto / Hugo Silva / Joana Dias / João CrisóstomoJoão FerreiraLuís Sobral / Luísa Marques / Manuel VilaçaMariana Silva / Miguel Santos
Pedro Miranda

Local Management and Production
João Lacerda Moreira

Project Verifying Act and Feasibility Study
VERLATO+ZORDAN architetti associati

Security Plan 
Sicurtecno: Fabio Rocchesso

Audiovisual Installation
Sofia Augusto

Graphic Design
Inês Nepomuceno
Mariana Marques

Catarina Chase Aleixo

Kennis Translations, S.A.

Exhibition Assistants
Ana Paula de Bonis
Liliana André
Marco Carrino 
Marino Basso

Exhibition Photographs
José Campos

depA architects

Editorial Coordination
Magda Seifert

Pedro Baía

Circo de Ideias

Press Office
depA architects

Filipa Magalhães

Circo de Ideias

Main Sponsors
Fundação Millennium BCP

AICEP Portugal Global



Trienal de Arquitectura
de Lisboa

Communication Partner
Casa da Arquitectura

Osvaldo MatosAmorimExpresso / Direção-Geral do Património CulturalSistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico / Diário de Notícias / Jornal de Notícias / Câmara Municipal do Porto

Media Partner
RTP - Rádio e Televisão de Portugal

Espaço de Arquitetura