pt / en

City and Territory, as collective constructions, are the primary arena of conflict, understood as the action of opposing forces translated as dissension. This condition, implicit to a pluralistic democratic space, shapes architectural production.

In Conflict responds directly to the question How will we live together? – posed by Hashim Sarkis, curator of the Biennale Architettura 2020 – by learning from processes that question the issue of dwelling in its physical and social dimensions, and where conflict plays a crucial role. Public resilience and reflection transform these processes, which are still stirring, into valuable learning moments, to better understand architecture's transformative and political power.

Recalling the portrait drawn of Portugal in the film Non, ou a Vã Glória de Mandar by Manoel de Oliveira, In Conflict proposes a vision built upon a series of struggles that have yet to be overcome.

The Portuguese Pavilion challenges the public to participate through two complementary moments: exhibition and debate.

The exhibition, at Palazzo Giustinian Lolin in Venice, provides a narrative of Portuguese architecture through democracy, based on seven processes affected by material destruction, social relocation and popular participation. All of these were the subjects of broad media coverage, their struggles amplified by the press – taken here as a barometer of action and public involvement.

These processes are testimonies of a democracy that began with an impoverished Portugal, facing deep housing failures, which were aggravated by the demographic urgency of decolonisation. Today, more than four decades of democracy later, this reality remains fragile, marked by the persistence of informal neighbourhoods, by urban growth based on speculation in urban centres and by the abandonment of the interior of the country.

These cases constitute milestones along the exhibition journey. Based on each one of them, other projects with affinities to the problematic, scale or modes of action are called up for discussion. By bringing together their clashes – which remain in the Portuguese collective memory – these processes build a broad and cross-cutting portrait of the first 45 years of Portuguese democracy viewed through its reflection in Portuguese architecture.

In Conflict seeks, through an exhibition and debates, to consider the role of architecture as an artistic, public, political, and ethically-bound discipline. Faced with the impossibility of solving all contingencies, it is urgent to consider how to create places where everyone has a seat at the table, to imagine how we will all project a common future.

Open Call  

Selected Proposals

Caring Assemblies: positions on a space-to-come
Organisers: Bartlebooth - Antonio Giráldez López & Pablo Ibáñez Ferrera
- Venice

Struggle within Conflict

Organisers: Francisco Calheiros & Maria Cristina Trabulo
- Porto

Public Housing - No Silver Bullet
Organiser: Samuel de Brito Gonçalves 
- Lisbon

Instant City: emergency housing, refugee camps, forced mobility in a pandemic world
Organisers: Bernardo Amaral & Carlos Machado Moura
- Online Conference

Debating Lisbon’s Future Housing
Organisers: Gennaro Giacalone, Margarida Leão & João Romão
- Online Conference

Lines of Violence
Organiser: Patrícia Robalo
- Online Conference


depA architects
Carlos Azevedo / João Crisóstomo / Luís Sobral

Deputy Curator
Miguel Santos

Ministério da Cultura de Portugal
Graça Fonseca, Ministra da Cultura

Direção-Geral das Artes
Américo Rodrigues, Diretor-Geral

Executive Production and Communication
Catarina Correia / Costanza Ronchetti / Sofia Isidoro

Exhibition Design
depA architects
Miguel Santos / Pedro Miranda

Collection and Selection of Content
depA architects
Miguel Santos

Alexandre Alves Costa / Alexandre Dias / Álvaro Siza / Ana Luísa Rodrigues / ArtériaAteliermobBarbas Lopes ArquitectosBruno Silvestre / Carlos Castanheira / Cerejeira Fontes architectsCharles CossementColectivo Wharehouse / Eduardo Coimbra de BritoEgas José Vieira  / Fernando Seabra-Santos / Francisco da Conceição Silva  Francisco PereiraFrederico EçaGil CardosoHabitar Porto / Inês Beleza de AzevedoJoão Archer de Carvalho  / João FigueiraJoão PernãoJoão Siopa AlvesJosé Barra  / José Gigante / José Lobo Almeida / José Miguel RodriguesJosé NevesJosé Santa Bárbara / José VelosoLaboratório de Habitação Básica (LAHB) / Luís Mendes / Luís Miguel Fareleira / Luís SprangerManuel Graça Dias + Egas Vieira Arquitectos / Manuel Nunes de Almeida / Manuel Teles / Margarida CarvalhoMaria Valemerooficina Nuno Valentim Paulo Moreira Pedro BandeiraPedro Brígida Rita DouradoRogério RamosSérgio Fernandez Tiago Baptista / Vítor Figueiredo

Debate Coordinators
Ana Jara
Anna PuigjanerAntónio Brito GuterresFernanda Fragateiro / Jorge CarvalhoMoisés Puente

depA architects

Filipa Magalhães
Margarida Leitão

Production Assistants
depA architects

Ângela Meireles
Carlos AzevedoFernando MirandaFrancisco Pinto / João CrisóstomoJoão FerreiraLuís Sobral  / Manuel VilaçaMariana Silva / Miguel SantosPedro Miranda

Local Management and Production
João Lacerda Moreira

Project Verifying Act and Feasibility Study
VERLATO+ZORDAN architetti associati

Security Plan 
Sicurtecno: Fabio Rocchesso

Sofia Augusto

Graphic Design
Inês Nepomuceno
Mariana Marques

Catarina Chase Aleixo

Kennis Translations, S.A.

depA architects

Editorial Coordination
Magda Seifert

Pedro Baía

Circo de Ideias

Press Office
depA architects

Filipa Magalhães

Circo de Ideias

Main Sponsors
Fundação Millennium BCP

AICEP Portugal Global



Trienal de Arquitectura
de Lisboa

Communication Partner
Casa da Arquitectura

Osvaldo MatosAmorimExpresso / Direção-Geral do Património CulturalSistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico

Media Partner
RTP - Rádio e Televisão de Portugal

Espaço de Arquitetura


Portugal Pavilion
Palazzo Giustinian Lolin Fondazione Ugo e Olga Levi
San Marco 2893 I-30124 Venezia VE, Italy
(Near by Accademia Bridge)
Boat / ACCADEMIA Line: 1, 2 and N